Mental Health Issues: Child/Adolescent Problems, Adult Problems, Suicide Risk
Mental health issues may impact an individual’s ability to learn, hold steady employment, and enjoy sustained relationships with others. Mental health problems include brief responses to identifiable events as well as long-term chronic patterns of thinking and behavior. Often the problems are serious enough to be considered a diagnosable mental illness (adults) or an emotional disturbance (children). In the United States it is estimated that one of every four adults experiences a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year – or more than 57 million individuals based on the 2004 census. Individuals who have mental illnesses can and do recover. Mental illnesses can be treated successfully through talk therapy, cognitive therapy, medication, or a combination of techniques.
The pages in this section provide information about some specific mental health diagnoses, their causes, treatments, and information for additional resources.
Child/Adolescent Problems discussed in this section include:
Adult Problems discussed in this section include:
Suicide is also a serious mental health problem. Overall it is the 11th most common cause of death in the United States, and 3rd most common cause for youth. The pages in this section provide information about suicide, obtaining assistance for someone who may be at risk of suicide, about the risks to specific groups in our communities, about community training that can help reduce the instances of suicide, as well as additional resource information.
Additional Information on Mental Illness
American Psychiatric Association (APA)
The APA is a professional association for physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses and substance abuse disorders. This site gives a good explanation of what mental illnesses are. It has links to information about specific mental illnesses and their treatments.
Mental Health America (MHA)
MHA is a national organization dedicated to promoting mental health through education and advocacy. This site gives information about basic signs and symptoms of mental illnesses and ways family and friends can cope. MHA of Westchester is an affiliate.
National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI)
NAMI is a very respected grass roots family movement that was founded in 1979. It does effective self-help and advocacy for people with mental illnesses. This site gives many facts about mental illnesses.
Report of the Surgeon General
"Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General" focuses attention on the role of mental health in the lives of individuals, communities and the nation. Addressing mental health and mental illness across the lifespan, the Surgeon General reports that there is a range of mental health treatments available to effectively treat mental illness. The report is available on the web site of the Surgeon General at: http://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/ps/access/NNBBHS.pdf
Read more about “Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General”. Read also about his supplemental report "Mental Health: Culture, Race and Ethnicity" and how these factors affect mental health.
1 These statistics and additional information are available on the web site of the National Institute of Mental Health: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/statistics/index.shtml